History of Azerbaijan, Grade 8

Армянофобия - символ толерантности. Азербайджан

The study of the materials presented in this textbook will reveal the historical roots of the present acts of genocide and invasion. You will learn about the occasions which lay at the roots of the idea of resettling the Armenians into Northern Azerbaijan, spreading them on the Azerbaijani lands and creating the invented ‘Armenian Province.’

Sary Ashug’s mausoleum in Lachin was destroyed by the Armenian vandals in 1993 (explanatory note to a picture).

The most dangerous aspect of the policy of Peter I regarding our country was that he ordered to resettle the Armenians from the territory of the Ottoman Empire to the Azerbaijani lands. The basis of the acts of genocide perpetrated by the Armenians against our nation was actually set back then.

The creation of the Russian Kommandatura was a favourable occasion for the Armenians who intended to settle in Baku and in the Caspian prosperous lands in general. In their appeal to Peter I, they asked him to allocate land lots for them in the ‘recently acquired lands.’ The Armenians’ appeal went in line with Peter I’s policy on Azerbaijan. By resettling the Armenians in the Caspian Azerbaijani lands, the king pursued two aims: by this, on one hand he could increase the number of the Christian population in the conquered Azerbaijani lands acquiring ‘reliable’ allies and on the other hand, use the Armenians in commercial affairs.

Uchkilse: the Armenians call this area – which historically belonged to Azerbaijan – ‘Etchmiadzin.’

The Azerbaijani State – Irevan Khanate was formed in the middle of the 18th century. This khanate was created by Mir Mehti khan Afshar (1747-1752). The territory of the khanate embraced a part of Chokhur-e Sa'd province of the Safavid Empire. The population of Irevan Khanate consisted of Azerbaijani Turks, who were the most ancient inhabitants of those lands. This is evidenced in the place names, in the information provided by European travellers who visited Irevan in those times and even in the records of Armenian historians.

The Christians constituted only a small part of the population. Their first appearance in this province is connected with the resettlement of the Armenian Catholicosate from Kilikia* to Uchkilse (Uchmuedzin) in the Azerbaijani state of Kara Koyunlu in 1441. Before the Catholicosate’s relocation, there was not a single settlement or land lot belonging to the Armenians in that province. Later on, the Armenian catholicoi extended their territories by appropriating Azerbaijani lands with various methods. Sales and purchase documents kept in Matenadaran in modern Armenia confirm this.

‘We [that is, Armenians] bought the lands belonging to the Turks either with money or captured them or received them as grant or seized them by force.’ A document dated 1687 kept in Matenadaran.

<…> the Armenians hoped to achieve their sinister goals by helping the Russian Empire to carry out its reactionary* policy in the Caucasus, 
*Reactionary – hostile policy against progress and free-thought.

Ismail Khan of Shaki was poisoned and murdered in 1819 under the command of Valerian Madatov, a general of the Russian Army of Armenian origin. The Armenian General Valerian Madatov appropriated so many lands in Garabag that it made him the biggest landlord there. He wanted to legalise the usurped lands by declaring that he descended from Garabag meliks.

The Armenians’ treachery was one of the reasons of the fall of Irevan Fortress. The newly-arrived Armenians, who intended to create their own state in the territory of Irevan Khanate, did everything to help the invaders.

‘Your Majesty, do not allow the Armenians’ settlement in the central Russian lands. They are the type of a tribe that after living several dozens of years there, will shout to the whole world that it is the land of our fathers and great-grandfathers.’ Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov. Excerpt from a letter to the Russian Emperor [non-existent quotation – note]

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